Early detection is one of the most effective ways to prevent cancer from progressing to a more serious stage and improving survival. The best way is to proactively know your body and be able to notice changes.
Here’s what to look out for:
- Lumpiness or a thickness in your breasts, changes to their shape or colour, an unusual nipple discharge, a nipple that turns inwards, or any sudden/unusual pain while you are self-screening for breast cancer.
- Lumps appearing on the neck, armpit or anywhere else in the body.
- Sores or ulcers that are not healing.
- Persistent coughs, sore throats or coughing up blood.
- Noticeable change in toilet habits ranging over two weeks or blood during bowel movements.
- New moles or skin spots, changes in shape, size or colour in pre-existing ones or unexplained bleeding.
- Unusual vaginal discharge or bleeding.
- Unexplainable weight loss.
- Australia’s national screening programs are free and don’t require a doctor’s referral. Find out more about Breast Cancer Screening, Bowel Cancer Screening and Cervical Cancer Screening.
- Talk to your GP about prostate or ovarian cancer at your check-ups.
- Smoking is the biggest preventable cause of cancer. Learn more.
- First Nations people are 1.1 times more likely to be diagnosed with cancer than other Australians, and 1.4 times likely to die of cancer.